Spanish "Vosotros" Commands

If you plan on living in Spain, or spending any length of time there, it's important to know how to form and use the informal "vosotros" command. For all other Spanish speaking countries, all you need to be familiar with are formal ("Ud.") commands and informal (tú) commands.

Affirmative Vosotros Commands

The affirmative vosotros command is formed by replacing the final -r of the infinite verb with the letter -d. Read and listen to the following examples, then repeat each out loud. (Note: When forming the affirmative informal vosotros command, the pronouns vosotros and vosotras are rarely used.)

Children, listen well.
Niños, escuchad bien.
Open the door.
Abrid la puerta.
Friend, remove your shoes.
Amigos, sacad los zapatos.
Write the letter.
Escribid la carta.
Eat the dinner.
Comed la cena.

Negative Vosotros Commands

The negative vosotros command is formed by using the present subjunctive vosotros form of the verb preceded by a negative word, such as "no". (Note: When forming the negative informal vosotros command, the pronouns vosotros and vosotras are rarely used.) Read and listen to the following examples, then repeat each out loud.

Don't talk to me.
No me habléis.
Don't run so fast.
No corráis tan rapido.
Do not sleep during the day.
No durmáis durante el día.

Affirmative Vosotros Commands and Reflexive Verbs

To conjugate reflexive verbs with affirmative vosotros commands, simply drop the final -d of the verb form and ad the pronoun -os. Consider the following examples.

Sit down.
Sentaos.
(Sentad + os)
Wash your hands.
Lavaos las manos.
(Lavad + os las manos)
Go away!
(The only exception is the verb "irse" which retains the final "d.")
¡Idos!


-ir verbs require a written accent.

Get dressed, please.
Vestíos, por favor.
(Vestid + os)