Relative Adjectives: cuyo, cuya, cuyos, cuyas

Relative adjectives (cuyo, cuya, cuyos, cuyas) refer to a noun that has already been mentioned in a sentence. The relative adjective "cuyo" in Spanish is comparable in meaning and usage to the English word "whose". In Spanish, the the relative adjective cuyo is used to provide additional information about someone or something and connect two shorter phrases.

"Cuyo" Forms

"Cuyo" has four different forms and like most Spanish adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun it describes.

(singular, masculine)
(singular, feminine)
(plural, masculine)
(plural, feminine)

Read and listen to the following examples of the adjective "cuyo", then repeat each out loud.

The boy, whose father is a pastor, is very mean.
El niņo, cuyo padre es pastor, es muy malo.
That is the girl whose mother doesn't like me.
Esa es la chica cuya madre no le gusto.
The car, whose brakes don't work, is very dangerous.
El coche, cuyos frenos no funcionan, es muy peligroso.
The boy, whose sisters died, is very sad.
El niņo, cuyas hermanas murieron, es muy triste.