Plural Nouns in Spanish
Below we'll explore how to make nouns plural and the rules that plural nouns follow in Spanish. When a noun ends in a vowel, simply add -s to make it plural. Listen to the following examples, then repeat each one out loud.
When a noun becomes plural, its definite article must also become plural – "el" becomes "los" and "la" becomes "las". Consider the following examples.
When a noun ends in a consonant, you just add -es to make it plural. Consider the following examples.
When a noun ends in -ión, you add -es and remove the written accent to make it plural. Consider the following examples.
To make a noun ending in -z plural, change the z to c and add -es. Consider the following examples.
When using the plural to refer to several nouns of different genders, you use the masculine form. Consider the following examples.
10 dogs (male and female)
5 cats (male and female)
Compound nouns, which are formed by combining two words to make a single word, are always masculine. Plural compound nouns are formed by changing "el" to "los".