Ordinal Numbers 30+ in Spanish
Ordinal numbers 21st-99th are are simply written out as a two separate words. Consider the following examples.
Basic Ordinal Numbers 30th-100thThe basic ordinal numbers that are multiples of ten through 100 must be memorized. The following are the basic ordinal numbers 30th-100th.
Ordinal Numbers Above 100
Forming ordinal numbers for the multiples between 100 and 1000 is straight forward, simply follow the rules for forming ordinal numbers previously outlined for Ordinal Numbers 1-30 in Spanish. For each ordinal number, write out each successive word separately. Review the following examples.
four hundred eighty third
cuadringentésimo octagésimo tercero
(400th + 80th + 3rd)
one hundred eighty seventh
centésimo octogésimo séptimo
(100th + 80th + 7th)
Primero and TerceroThe ordinal numbers primero (first), tercero (third), and their derivatives, drop the final -o when place before any masculine noun to become primer and tercer. Review the following exmaples.
Juanito is my first grandson.
Juanito es mi primer nieto.
It's the third car I've purchased.
Es el tercer auto que he comprado.
DatesIn Spanish, cardinal numbers are used for dates except for the first, which uses an ordinal number.
Today is July 1.
Hoy es primero de julio.
Tomorrow is July 2.
Mañana es el dos de julio.
PlacementIn Spanish, ordinal numbers almost always precede the nouns they modify. However, if the noun is royalty (pope, king, etc.) or the name of a street, then the ordinal number is placed after the noun. If both cardinal numbers (1,2,3 ...) and ordinal numbers (1st, 2nd, 3rd ...) appear together, the cardinal number is placed before the ordinal number. Review the following examples.
Henry the 5th
la Calle Octava
The first two movies were great!
¡Las dos primeras películas fueron buenísimas!
The first three days were horrible.
Los tres primeros días fueron horribles.
Formal UsageOrdinal numbers are typically used up to the 10th. Ordinal number above 10th (11th, 12th, etc.) are consider formal and uncommon. For larger numbers, cardinal numbers are more common, especially in speech.
After the 20th century ...
Después del siglo 20 ...
It was his 40th birthday yesterday.
El cumplió 40 años ayer.
AbbreviationsTo write out ordinal numbers numerically in Spanish, simply add a decimal and the superscript o, or a if counting feminine nouns, and er for shorter versions such as primer (1er ) or tercer (3er ). Review the following examples.
- primer -> 1.er
- segundo -> 2.o
- tercera -> 3.a