Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish

Indirect objects tell "to whom" or "for whom" something is being performed. Just as direct object pronouns replace direct objects, indirect object pronouns replace indirect objects. Indirect objects pronouns in Spanish, such as le and les, are often ambiguous and there is no way to interpret them without a context. The following is a list of the indirect object pronouns in Spanish. Review and listen to each indirect object pronoun, then repeat each out loud.

English
Spanish
me
me
you (familiar)
te
him, her, you (formal)
le
us
nos
you (familiar plural)
os
you (formal plural)
them
les


Review and listen to the following examples of how indirect object pronouns are used in Spanish, then repeat each example out loud.

She threw the ball to Rosa.
Le tiró la pelota a Rosa.
She threw the ball to her.
Le tiró la pelota.

He bought a car for me.
Me compró un coche a mí.
He bought a car for me.
Me compró un coche.

They told the story to us.
Nos contaron la historia a nosotros.
They told the story to us.
Nos contaron la historia.


For statements in the affirmative that have only one conjugated verb, the indirect object pronoun is placed right before the verb. Review the following examples. Listen to each one, then repeat them out loud.

Rosa gives me a card.
Rosa me da una tarjeta.
Rosa gives a card to me.
Rosa me da una tarjeta.

Rosa gives you a card.
Rosa te da una tarjeta.
Rosa gives a card to you.
Rosa te da una tarjeta.

Rosa gives him a card.
Rosa le da una tarjeta.
Rosa gives a card to him.
Rosa le da una tarjeta.

Rosa gives us a card.
Rosa nos da una tarjeta.
Rosa gives a card to us.
Rosa nos da una tarjeta.

Rosa gives you a card. (familiar plural)
Rosa os da una tarjeta.
Rosa gives a card to you. (familiar plural)
Rosa os da una tarjeta.

Rosa gives them a card.
Rosa les da una tarjeta.
Rosa gives a card to them.
Rosa les da una tarjeta.


Since the direct object pronouns le and les are often ambiguous, a prepositional phrase is often included in order to remove the ambiguity. (Sometimes a prepositional phrase is added simply to give emphasis.) Consider the following examples. Listen to each one, then repeat them out loud.

He writes a letter to him.
Él le escribe una carta.
He writes a letter to you.
Él le escribe a Ud. una carta.

He writes a letter to you (plural).
Él les escribe una carta.
He writes a letter to them.
Él les escribe a ellos una carta.


When making a negative statement in a sentence with just one verb, the indirect object pronoun is positioned between the negative word and the conjugated verb. Review and listen to the following examples, then repeat each one out loud.
She doesn't buy me food.
Ella no me compra comida.
She doesn't buy food for me.
Ella no me compra comida.

I don't send him information.
No le mando información.
I don't send information to him.
No le mando información.


In sentences that have two verbs, the indirect object pronoun can be placed right before the conjugated verb, or it can be attached directly to the infinitive verb. Review and listen to the following examples, then repeat each one out loud.
You need to give him the money.
Le necesitas dar el dinero.
You need to give him the money.
Necesitas darle el dinero.

He needs to help us.
Él nos necesita ayudar.
He needs to help us.
Él necesita ayudarnos.