Definite Articles in Spanish

In Spanish, similar to English, nouns use articles. In Spanish, articles are used to communicate noun gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural). Articles are also used to indicate whether a noun is definite or indefinite. There are four definite articles in Spanish. There are four indefinite articles in Spanish which are the equivalent to the English "a", "an", and "some" or "a few". There are four indefinite articles.

Definite Artlce "the"

Since a noun in Spanish can assume one of four possible forms (singular masculine, singular feminine, plural masculine, plural feminine), there are 4 distinct definite articles, which include:
Singular
Plural
la
(feminine)
las
(feminine)
el
(masculine)
los
(masculine)


Definite articles must always match the gender (feminine, musculine) and number (singular, plural) of the noun. Review the following examples.

The book is very interesting.
El libro es muy interesante.
The books are very interesting.
Los libros son muy interesantes.
The food is delicious.
La comida es deliciosa.
The cards are in my purse.
Las tarjetas están en el bolso.


There are a few exceptions to the rules for forming the definite articles outlined above.However, when a noun beginning with a stressed "á", "a", or "ha" is singular and feminine, the masculine indefinite article is used instead of the feminine indefinite article in order to improve pronunciation. On the other hand, when the same singular feminine noun is plural, the regular feminine article is used.

Singular
Plural
el agua
las aguas
el alma
las almas
el águila
las águilas

Other Uses of the Definite Article

Sometimes when the definite article is used in Spanish, it doesn't mean "the". Below we'll explore several additional uses of the definite article in Spanish.


Definite articles are used with days of the week.

Thursday is my birthday.
El jueves es mi cumpleaños.
On Thursdays, she always has to work.
Los jueves siempre tiene que trabajar.


Definite articles are used in a general sense.

Brazilian culture is fascinating.
La cultura brasileña es fascinante.
M. Night Shyamalan movies are the worst.
Las películas de M. Night Shyamalan son las peores.


Definite articles are used with body parts and clothing.

My head hurts.
Me duele la cabeza.
My shoulder hurts.
Me molesta el hombro.


Definite articles are used to tell time.

It's 3 o'clock.
Son las tres.
It's one o'clock.
Es la una.


Definite articles are used with names of languages and countries EXCEPT when the language is used to complement the verb. Consider the following examples.

I like Italian.
Me gusta el italiano.
Japanese and German are difficult to learn.
El japonés y el alemán son difíciles de aprender.


I like to study Italian.
Me gusta estudiar italiano.
I want to learn Japanese.
Quiero aprender japonés.


Definite articles are used when talking about someone who has a title.

Dr. Anderson is very qualified.
El Dr. Anderson es muy calificado.
Mrs. Fernandez is very nice.
La señora Fernandez es muy amable.