Affirmative Informal (tú) Commands in Spanish
In Spanish, there are both formal (Ud.) and informal (tú) styles of speech. As such, there are also formal and informal types of commands. Tú commands are the informal, singular form. When telling a close friend, member of the family, small child, or your pet to do something, you'll use the affirmative informal (tú) command. When telling this same group of people not to do something, you'll used the negative informal (tú) command.
Forming the Affirmative Informal Tú CommandThe affirmative informal (tú) command is formed by using the 3rd person singular form of the present indicative.
-AR verbs: Add the 3rd person singular ending -a to the stem, as shown below.
Buy the car.
Compra el carro.
-ER verbs: Add the 3rd person singular ending -e to the stem, as shown below.
Read the book!
¡Lee el libro!
-IR verbs: Add the 3rd person singular ending -e to the stem, as shown below.
Please, write the letter!
¡Por favor, escribe la carta!
For stem-changing verbs or verbs whose spelling changes in the present tense, these changes still apply when forming familiar affirmative commands. Read and listen to the following examples, then repeat each out loud.
Close the car window.
Cierra la ventana del coche.
Move your arm.
Mueve tu brazo.
Include your name on the form.
Incluye tu nombre en el formulario.
Irregular Affirmative Informal Tú CommandsAll verbs that are irregular in the 3rd person singular present indicative remain irregular in the affirmative informal (tú) command, with the exception of the following verbs which have their own irregular form in the informal affirmative command.
to make, to do
you make, you do
Pronoun Placement with Informal CommandsWhen used in conjunction with informal affirmative commands, pronouns are attached to the end of the conjugated command verb. To maintain the original sound of the infinitive, a written accent is added. Review and listen to the following examples, then repeat each out loud.
Please, bring it to me right now.
Por favor, tráemelo ahora mismo.
Buy it for her tomorrow.
Tell it to him.
Put on your coat.
Ponte tu abrigo.
Punctuation for Informal CommandsSince both the 3rd person singular and informal tú command have the same conjugation, it's often necessary to include exclamation points and commas to differentiate the two. Consider the following examples.
He buys a house.
Él compra una casa.
Buy a house!
¡Tú, compra una casa!
Veronica buys a house.
Veronica compra una casa.
Veronica, buy a house.
Veronica, compra una casa.